Depression often manifests itself in a variety of symptoms. An individual may experience physical symptoms such as headaches, stomach distress, excessive or disrupted sleep, and many others. Depression is also often characterized by prolonged emotional symptoms such as apathy, sadness, exhaustion, trouble concentrating, and irritability.
Depression and anxiety often exacerbate each other .. Some people abuse alcohol and drugs or overeat as a way of coping, causing them to develop other medical problems. Depressed people are also at increased risk for self-harm.
In order to diagnose depression a psychiatric evaluation is often important and recommended. Every case is unique and requires individual attention. There are a number of effective complementary ways of treating depression, which may include medication, psychotherapy, lifestyle adjustments and various other therapeutic modalities.